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Compression

Compression

Conservative therapy of venous diseases is aimed at improving the condition by means of compression and exercise therapy. Compression hosiery presses the distended veins together so that the venous valves can close again, thus preventing the blood from flowing in the wrong direction - namely, away from the heart. The necessary compression is provided by modern medical compression stockings or tights that prevent new varicose veins from forming and keep existing venous disease under control. Untreated venous disease continues to progress and may become chronic. This is why it is particularly important to prevent deterioration or complications by consistently wearing compression.
 
Compression therapy plays an important part in the treatment of lymphoedema. With the correct fitting garment, the pressure within the tissues increases, encouraging lymph to redistribute and drain. Compression garments are an essential part of ongoing care and must always be worn to ensure reductions in limb volume are maintained. 
 
The concept of graduated compression hosiery is such that hosiery should be knitted to apply an ever decreasing pressure from the ankle to the thigh, or in the case of below knee hosiery, from the ankle to the knee. The degree of this graduation is laid down in the RAL standard or Hohenstein tested hosiery and British Standard BS 6612:1985. There are slight differences between the graduation requirements on the two specifications.
 
The medical concept behind graduation is such that the reducing pressure from the ankle to the thigh encourages the return of blood to the heart and lymph to the lymph-nodes. This is undoubtedly true in the horizontal leg. When the patient stands and walks other forces come into effect which are much greater than the pressures applied by the stocking, thus the concept of eliminating any restriction at the top of the stocking applies. The manufacture of elastic hosiery graduation is achieved not only by application of the law of Laplace, but by actively changing tensions and inlaid yarn characteristics as the stocking is knitted. medi run continuous quality control with in-house testing by Hohenstein and Hatra equipment.
 

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